The first pillar includes the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), Old Age Security (OAS) and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS). The CPP, OAS and GIS provide approximately $76 billion every year in fully indexed retirement income payments.
The second includes private pension plans, personal investments and tax-assisted registered plans, such as Registered Pension Plans (RPPs), Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs), Registered Retirement Income Funds (RRIFs) and Tax-Free Savings Accounts (TFSA).
Over the last 10 years, the Government introduced several new measures to assist seniors and pensioners. In 2011, the Government significantly enhanced the GIS for the low-income seniors, by increasing the GIS up to $600 annually for single seniors and up to $840 for couples. This enhancement benefited approximately 680,000 seniors across Canada. It was the biggest enhancement of the GIS in over 25 years.
In 2006, the Government increased the Age Credit amount by $1,000, and again in 2009 by an additional $1,000. The Government also doubled, to $2,000, the maximum amount of income eligible for the Pension Income Credit. In addition, the Government also introduced pension income splitting for seniors, which allows a senior to split their income with their spouse and reduce their taxes payable.
Thanks, in part, to these measures the number of low-income seniors in Canada has decreased from 21.4 per cent in 1980 to 5.2 per cent in 2011—one of the lowest rates in the developed world.
However, the Government understands that more can always be done. The recent federal budget will reduce minimum withdrawal rates for RRIFs to allow seniors to reduce their taxes and preserve more of their capital. This change also better reflects recent real rates of return and expected inflation. In addition, the federal budget proposes to increase the TFSA contribution limit from $5,500 to $10,000. This will help Canadians save even more, tax-free, for their retirement.
For more information on Government assistance for Canadian seniors, please do not hesitate to contact my office at (866) 878-5556 or by e-mail at [email protected]